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Written by : Marcus Limbrick
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Thanks for your comment Lawanna Blanck, have a nice day.
- Marcus Limbrick, Staff Member
intellectual property refers to creations of the mind such as inventions literary and artistic works designs and symbols names and images used in commerce intellectual property is protected in law by copyright patents and trademarks which enable people to earn recognition or financial benefit from what they invent or create the intellectual property system aims to foster an environment in which creativity and innovation can flourish let's define the term copyright copyright or author's right is a legal term used to describe the rights that creators have over their literary and artistic works works covered by copyright range from books music paintings sculpture and films to computer programs databases advertisements maps and technical drawings copyright protection extends only to expressions and not to ideas procedures methods of operation or mathematical concepts as such there are two types of rights under copyright first economic rights which allow the rights owner to derive financial reward from the use of their works by others second moral rights which protect the non-economic interests of the author most copyright laws state that the rights owner has the economic right to authorize or prevent certain uses in relation to a work or to receive remuneration for the use of their work the economic rights owner of a work can prohibit or authorize its production in various forms such as printed publication or sound recording its public performance such as in a play or musical work its recording for example in the form of compact discs or dvds its broadcasting by radio cable or satellite its translation into other languages and its adaptation searches a novel into a film screenplay examples of a widely recognized moral rights include the right to claim authorship of a work and the right to oppose changes to a work that could harm the creator's reputation in the majority of countries and according to the burn convention copyright protection is obtained automatically without the need for registration or other formalities most countries have a system in place to allow for the voluntary registration of works such voluntary registration systems can help solve disputes over ownership or creation as well as facilitate financial transactions sales and the assignment and transfer of rights in the philippines copyright protection for artistic literary and derivative works lasts during the lifetime of the author plus 50 years after the author's death now let's proceed to patent a patent is an exclusive right granted for an invention which is a product or a process that provides a new way of doing something or offers a new technical solution to a problem to get a patent technical information about the invention must be disclosed to the public in a patent application in principle the patent owner has the exclusive right to prevent or stop others from commercially exploiting the patented invention in other words patent protection means that the invention cannot be commercially made used distributed imported or sold by others without the patent owner's consent patents are territorial rights in general the exclusive rights are only applicable in the country or region in which a patent has been filed and granted in accordance with the law of that country or region the protection is granted for a limited period generally 20 years from the filing of the application let's proceed to trademark a trademark is a sign capable of distinguishing the goods or services of one enterprise from those of other enterprises a word or a combination of words letters and numerals can perfectly constitute a trademark but trademarks may also consist of drawings symbols three-dimensional features such as the shape and packaging of goods non-visible signs such as sounds or fragrances or color shades used as distinguishing features at the national or regional level trademark protection can be obtained through registration by filing an application for registration with a national or regional trademark office and paying the required fees at the international level you have two options either you can file a trademark application with a trademark office of each country in which you are seeking protection or you can use world intellectual property organization or wepos madrid system in principle a trademark registration will confer an exclusive right to the use of the registered trademark this implies that the trademark can be exclusively used by its owner or licensed to another party for use in return for payment trademark rights are private rights and protection is enforced through courts the term of trademark registration can vary but is usually 10 years it can be renewed indefinitely on payment of additional fees now let's move to the next major part of this lesson which is the intellectual property code of the philippines the intellectual property code of the philippines or the republic act number 8293 authored by the late senator raul s rojo was signed into law on june 6 1997 and took effect on january 1 1998. it shall protect and secure the exclusive rights of scientists inventors artists and other gifted citizens to their intellectual property and creations particularly when beneficial to the people for such periods as provided in the act intellectual property office of the philippines is the government agency mandated to administer and implement state policies on intellectual property to strengthen the protection of intellectual property rights in the country coined as the dream mandate intellectual property office of the philippines performs the following functions to protect and secure the exclusive rights of scientists inventors artists and other gifted citizens to their intellectual property and creations first is development oriented the office shall promote the use of patent information as a tool for technological development second is regulatory the office shall examine applications and grant patents or register utility models industrial designs trademarks geographical indication and integrated circuits it shall help protect copyright by assisting in the facilitation of the positive work with the national library and registered technology transfer arrangements letter e stands for enforcement it shall undertake enforcement functions supported by concerned agencies such as the pnp nbi customs omb lg use etc it shall conduct visits during reasonable hours to establishments and businesses engaging in activities violating intellectual property rights and provisions of the intellectual property code based on report information or complaint received by the office the fourth is adjudicatory it shall hear and decide cases relating to violations of intellectual property rights cancellations and oppositions to registration compulsory licensing and subtle disputes involving technology transfer payments the fifth mandate is policy making it shall coordinate with relevant government agencies and the private sector efforts to formulate and implement plans and policies to strengthen the protection of intellectual property rights in the country it shall also develop and implement stra
Thanks Mitsuko your participation is very much appreciated
- Marcus Limbrick
About the author
I've studied linnaean taxonomy at University of Arkansas in Fayetteville and I am an expert in type theory. I usually feel shocked. My previous job was landscape architect I held this position for 27 years, I love talking about rughooking and stockcar racing. Huge fan of Omar A. Soriano I practice ski jumping and collect sneakers.
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