Intellectual property protection biotech [New Research]

Last updated : Sept 10, 2022
Written by : Precious Kinzle
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Intellectual property protection biotech

What are 4 types of intellectual property protection?

Patents, trademarks, copyrights, and trade secrets are valuable assets of the company and understanding how they work and how they are created is critical to knowing how to protect them.

Which type of intellectual property rights is most common in biotechnology?

In the context of biotech inventions and discoveries, the two most relevant forms of IPRs are patents and confidential information. Patent protection can only be secured by filing and obtaining an official patent in each and every country around the world.

How biotechnological inventions can be protected?

There are currently two main systems of protection for biotechnology: rights in plant varieties, and patents. Both systems provide exclusive, time-limited rights of exploitation and are described in more detail below. Keeping biotechnology 'secret' can also be a valuable form of protection.

What is intellectual property in industrial microbiology?

Intellectual property rights (IPRs) have been mainly categorized into four major areas including patents, copyrights, trademarks, and rights related to some unique design. IPR in the field of microbiology and more specifically for microorganisms is of paramount importance.

What are the 7 intellectual property rights?

Rights. Intellectual property rights include patents, copyright, industrial design rights, trademarks, plant variety rights, trade dress, geographical indications, and in some jurisdictions trade secrets.

Can AI have intellectual property rights?

Programmers of AI systems can already obtain some IP protection through copyright in the computer code and patents over the functionality of the software they write.

Why is intellectual property important to biotechnology?

Just like with other industries, intellectual property rights allow biotech firms to establish ownership and protect their products from the threat of competitors.

What are the different forms of intellectual property in biotechnology?

There are four types of intellectual property rights (IP): patents, trademarks, copyrights, and trade secrets.

What Cannot be patented in biotechnology?

Firstly, plant varieties, animal varieties, and essentially biological processes cannot be patented. Inventions relating to plants or animals are patentable, however, if the invention is technically feasible for a higher taxonomic group of plant or animal, such as a species or a genus.

How does intellectual property impact competition in biotech?

Inadequate or unsuitable intellectual property (IP) protection could allow competitors to more easily launch a competing product, jeopardizing the opportunity for meaningful return on investment and consequently potential dealmaking.

Which is patentable in biotechnology?

Biotechnology at the EPO. As with all other technologies, inventions in biotechnology are generally considered patentable under the law and the same general patent examination rules and processes apply to all inventions.

What are ethical implications of biotechnology?

Ethical issues that arise from modern biotechnologies include the availability and use of privileged information, potential for ecological harm, access to new drugs and treatments, and the idea of interfering with nature. Applications include agriculture and health care.

What are the 5 types of intellectual property?

  • Patents. The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office grants property rights to original inventions, from processes to machines.
  • Trademarks. Trademarks protect logos, sounds, words, colors, or symbols used by a company to distinguish its service or product.
  • Copyrights.
  • Trade Secrets.

What are the 3 types of IPR?

There are three primary types of Intellectual Property: copyrights, trademarks, and patents.

What are examples of intellectual property?

Utility patents: for tangible inventions, such as products, machines, devices, and composite materials, as well as new and useful processes. Design patents: the ornamental designs on manufactured products. Plant patents: new varieties of plants.

Who owns intellectual property?

Generally, the creator of a work is deemed its owner. However, intellectual property ownership can be determined differently for different types of property and under varying circumstances. For example, if work is created for an employer, the employer is the owner of that intellectual property.

How is intellectual property protected?

Inventors, designers, developers and authors can protect the ideas they have developed, for instance by means of copyright or patents. The aim is to prevent others from wrongly profiting from their creations or inventions.

What means intellectual property?

Intellectual property (IP) refers to creations of the mind, such as inventions; literary and artistic works; designs; and symbols, names and images used in commerce.

Can AI hold a copyright?

Art Can't Be Copyrighted. The U.S. Copyright Office (USCO) once again rejected a copyright request for an A.I. -generated work of art, the Verge's Adi Robertson reported last month.

Can AI images be copyrighted?

Under US copyright law, these images are technically not subject to copyright protection. Only "original works of authorship" are considered. "To qualify as a work of 'authorship' a work must be created by a human being," according to a US Copyright Office's report [PDF].

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Intellectual property protection biotech

Comment by Rina Gracy

thanks for inviting me I'm gonna talk about a few issues that are relevant to intellectual property in the biotechnology area effectively each one of my slides has been a hour-long presentation for a different group so I'm going to go through 14 slides and roughly a half hours so I think perhaps you can take away a few things there there are these things out there called patents and the relevant to medicine and the relevant to research and relevant to biotechnology there was a recent Supreme Court case the Supreme Court doesn't hear many patent cases but when they do they tend to screw it up pretty badly but of course that's my opinion not necessarily that of the winner and then third thing could be that patent attorneys are actually pretty boring to listen to for a half hour but we'll see how that part goes so in order to set the stage a little bit how many people have heard of patents how many people know well that's pretty good do you know the difference between a patent and a trademark and a copyright or a trade secret or okay so I thought I'd go through real quick background on intellectual property basics again one slide talked a little bit about the history of the industry and biotechnology and pharma and the patents I've gotten and then talk about the recent developments and then give an unsolicited opinion on where things are going so basically four basic types of intellectual property trade secrets copyrights trademarks and patents and there are different types of patents trade secrets it's just something that's maintained as a secret it's not the same as being maintained as confidential it has to be maintained with secrecy such that maybe only two people in the company know or the Krispy Kreme donut recipe is a secret for example and only a couple key executives the krispy kreme know the entire recipe when they order ingredients they you know that one person order the flour and another order the sugar and they never get together on how much is coca-cola is another example they last forever as long as their secret if they lose their secrecy if the former employee discloses the secret it's gone forever so it's a great form of intellectual property as long as you can maintain the secrecy and you can't enforce it against anybody else unless they're trying to steal the secret so it's a little different copyrights works of original authorship manuscripts and structured manuals for your PCR machines software is copyrighted it's a form of intellectual property trademarks trademarks are marks or badges or logos on things that identify the source of the goods so if you see Roche their trademark you know that it's made by Roche molecular system if you see coca-cola you know that it's made by the coke company our coke is made by the coca-cola company so that brings us to patents which are distinct from all those three and each one of those is distinct and each one of them actually is almost a subspecialty within the intellectual property legal profession so I've given you to some of my knowledge on the last three but what I do is patents and you've all heard of patents patents have been in the news lately most of you've heard about Samsung losing a patent infringement lawsuit to Apple and the battles back and forth based on the iPhone that was actually on a design patent that patent will cover the outline of the phone there are hundreds of other patents literally they cover how the iPhone works those are called utility patent and those are the typical kind of pattern you'd find the biotechnology design patents protect furniture design the chairs in here have a design patent they can protect a consumer product like a blender but it's just a design it's not how it works then there's a fairly rare type of patent called the plant patent we're not going to talk very much about it but its covers a sexually reproducing plants like roses and if you ever have a desire to visit the Patent Office actually have kind of a neat room that's filled with all the Rose patents because I have submit color photographs so if you're into horticulture it's a convenient place to give it so in the US patents granted by the US Patent Office and it is a process here where you file an application and then the Patent Office takes a look at it in a process referred to as examination the process of applying and having an examined is referred to as prosecution in terms of the applicant or their lawyer prosecutes the application in the Patent Office until it becomes a patent the basic requirements for a patent are that it has to be patentable subject matter and that's actually what the change in the law talks about and there's been a change in that recently that's the development I want to talk about but the other requirements are that it has to be new you can't patent something that's not new and your patent has to be uh novice or not obvious over what was known before so probably you know determining whether something is obvious or not can be difficult and that's where most of the litigation and that's where most of the prosecution the arguments lie you know would would this invention been obvious if he knew about you know the three other existing technologies so that's primarily at ins last twenty years from the filing date they unless its design patent which is 14 years from the issue date and effectively utility patents if they issue in two or three years of prosecution they're roughly about seventeen years from the issue day this key point here the rights granted from the patent are the rights to exclude others from practicing the invention claimed in the patent and patent claims or written like metes and bounds property description it's a right to exclude others it's a right to keep somebody from walking on your property the real property analogy it is not however the right to do what you have patented a patent does not confer any right to the patent holder to actually make use of practice the invention and that right and I've highlighted it with red here but that issue is continually confused by everyone and all right so you've all heard me say that you you understand the distinction so how can one person get a patent and somebody else get a patent on the same are something very similar without the first patent rendering the second patent not new yeah I mean there there's usually a difference a good example would be and my favorite examples to use in these situations chocolate chip cookie I could have a chocolate chip cookie patent which comprise dough and chocolate chips let's say okay Ross could have decided that gee it would taste a lot better if you put pecans in it so he could get a patent as long as I hadn't disclosed or nobody had ever use pecans before and talked to chip cookie the covers dough chips and pecans Russ could never can't make his cookie because I have a patent that covers you know anything that as long as it only has dough and chocolate chips so the additional you know ingredient does not get them out of the scope of my path now in contrast just because I have a patent on chocolate chips and oh I can't put pecans in without infringing Rus

Thanks for your comment Rina Gracy, have a nice day.
- Precious Kinzle, Staff Member

Comment by elanticoyoteR

Thanks for this interesting article

Thanks elanticoyoteR your participation is very much appreciated
- Precious Kinzle

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