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Written by : Horace Maslowski
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let's get started here frederick has the book thank you frederick i'm glad you dig it um okay so really really important time to put your thingy caps on i hope you have your notebooks handy so whip out that pen and uh feel free to screenshot whatever you want we are also going to send you a link to the replay after this so you will have access to a replay i'm going to be moving quickly so you're welcome to watch this as many times through as you need and i'm also going to be sending you some of these assets these slides and um a link to kind of an article that i wrote all about this stuff as a refresher so you can just reference the article but i'm gonna go through this now and i see the few people that have are already in the queue to be called up uh to go through your reports later so we will be getting to you in just a few minutes okay let's get going copyrights on a recording this is really important this slide might look very simplistic or simple but this is the most important visual aid that is going to be in your music career i'm serious that is not uh um hyperbole i want you to think about these colors these blue and this pink i want you to be thinking about these whenever you think of royalties and be like wait what was that that was that slide that ari showed me what was this visual thing oh artist blue songwriter pink artist blue song what does this mean this is so important okay so there are two copyrights on a recording there is the sound recording copyright some people call this the master that's just a basic recording artists record sound recordings there's also another copyright on a recording that's called sometimes you call that the composition or the song the legal term is the composition when you're registering the copyright some people call this the song songwriters write songs they own those composition copyrights artists record recordings and release sound recording so why is this distinction important okay well i'm and as most of you probably we're both we're everything we write our own music we're our songwriters and we're artists we release the songs that we write cool but um what happens if you uh record a cover song so i see uh brianna falcone is here what if i record a brianna song and i release it i don't automatically now own her uh composition copyright i don't own her song just because i decided to record it and release it she still owns the composition copyright she still wrote the song just because i recorded it and released a cover doesn't mean that i own it when jimi hendrix or dave matthews who i just saw last weekend phenomenal show uh records all along the watchtower and releases that recording of all along the watchtower that's still bob dylan's song all along the watchtower bob dylan will still own that songwriting copyright just because so but bob dylan does not own jimi hendrix recording or dave matthews recording and brianna wouldn't own my recording uh of her song she owns the composition copyright i own the master if you record it so if you're an artist and you record a cover song let's say you cover one of my songs i'm a songwriter too uh so you're the artist and you record one of my songs now when you release that that recording you own that recording that is your recording because you recorded it and you release it and as long as you as long as you um created all the components to that recording you didn't use samples that's another topic we're gonna do a little bit later um as long as you made all the aspects of that recording and you release it you own that recording but if it's my song if i wrote the song you just covered it i own the song i still own the song okay i'm hitting this really hard and i'm explaining it in a bunch of different ways because this is super super super important because you won't understand anything else in this presentation if you don't understand this concept okay um okay will will's get it did dylan recently sell all of his songwriting copyright okay yeah yeah uh that's that's a totally um that's a different topic yes you can of course sell and that brings us to our next point you can ask organizations or companies or give up or allow them to own or control your composition i mean sorry your copyrights so remember that blue circle pink circle so record labels typically work with artists and they sign artists and they own or represent the recordings so when you release that that recording if you work with a record label they're typically going to own that or they're going to have the rights to it they'll license it that kind of a thing but traditionally traditional record labels traditional major record deals and indie deals they typically will own that master recording so when you say oh they you know they're owning my masters that's what they're talking about not your songs masters remember the difference master song master song so publishing so when people say now so that's the master side when when a record label owns or represents you know they sign the artist they release the recordings that's the blue circle record labels artist blue circle master recordings now let's hop on over the composition side totally different this is what people refer to as publishing publishing publishing songwriting they can kind of be used interchangeably so you know when someone's like oh who's getting publishing on this how much you know how we splitting up the publishing publishing publishing songwriting you can literally interchange the word songwriting and publishing people just like to feel um i think more important when they say publishing uh instead of songwriting i don't know you can use whatever term you want it's publishing it's songwriting it's the same thing so songwriters are represented by publishing companies typically so publishing companies saw sign songwriters um you know it's if publishing companies aren't signing artists who don't write their own songs they sign songwriters now sometimes those songwriters release records too of course and they're artists as well just like you and i i'm assuming most people here just like me are both songwriters and artists but you're going to get signed potentially if you get signed you'll get signed as an artist to a record label because sometimes you know people have i have an artist project called brass roots district it's a band so the band brass roots district is going to get signed to a record deal a record label maybe probably i mean actually not we're not going to because we don't want to but if we wanted to sign with a record label the band would get signed to a record label brasser's district brass district would not get signed to a publishing company bands don't get signed to publishing companies songwriters get signed to publishing companies songwriters own songs songwriters write songs and they register those copyrights and if they work with a publishing company sometimes the publishing company will also own part of that song or they're going to represent it that whole thing does that make sense um so wayne just asked what if the label didn't pay for the recording why do they still own the master okay
Thanks for your comment Quinn Dingle, have a nice day.
- Horace Maslowski, Staff Member
did you know that if you're a songwriter and you're only signed up for a performing arts organization like ascap or bmi you're not getting all of your songwriting royalties bet you didn't know that there are two kind of two kinds of songwriter royalties that you are entitled to if you're a songwriter that come from streaming revenue how many two performance royalties are one those come from a performing rights organization like in the states ascap bmi in the uk that's prs and canada that's so can every country around the world has a performing rights organization they collect performance royalties now the other kind the second kind of songwriter royalty or publishing royalty so i'm gonna be money publishing money same thing so the second kind of publishing money songwriter money is mechanical royalties now how do you get your mechanical royalties don't these come from your performing rights organization no they do not mechanical royalties they come from a mechanical rights organization or collective management organization cmo around the world in the states that's the mechanical licensing collective the mlc now if you're a songwriter living in the states living in america and you want to get all of your strong render money and you don't have a publisher there's a very important caveat that we're going to get to in just a second if you're a songwriter living in america and you don't have a publisher and you want to get all of your streaming royalties for your publishing you need to sign up with a performing arts organization ascap bmi csac and the mlc the mechanical licensing collective go to themlc.com and sign up it's free you can sign up now if you don't sign up for the mechanical licensing collective and you don't have a publisher you're not getting all of your mechanical royalties this is over half of your money from streaming revenue that you're not getting now what happens to the money you're asking well the mlc is literally just holding on to it for you because how do they get the money well all the streaming services spotify apple music all of them pay these mechanical royalties to the mlc and then the mlc is like okay who do i pay if they don't know who you are they're not going to pay you so you got to go to the mlc.com and you've got to sign up and they'll pay now if you have a publisher your publisher is going to the mlc and the mlc is going to pay your publisher your publisher is going to pay you or an admin publisher that kind of a thing i know what you're thinking you're thinking but what about my distributor the like district don't they pay me my money cd baby tune core muse symphonic don't they pay me my money she's like okay let's talk about the different kinds of money that are earned from streaming all right there are two copyrights this is really really important don't glaze you over because i just said the word copyright all right when you put out a song a recording there's two copyrights one the sound recording copyright some people call this the master two the publishing copyright some people call this the composition two completely different copyrights two completely different streams of money so the recording yes when you distribute the recording through a distributor and they send this to a streaming service the streaming service pays that distributor the money for the recording now if you didn't write this song let's say you covered one of my songs okay so you recorded a song of mine that you liked cool you can do that actually anyone can do it you don't even need my permission to record it and put it out just record one of my songs and you distribute it through your distributor now the dsps the streaming services they're going to pay your distributor and your distributor is going to pay you for the recording money now how do i get my money for the song that i wrote that you covered well i need to get my performance royalties and my mechanical royalties well performance royalties will come from my performing arts organization mine is ascap and the mechanical royalties are actually going to come from the mlc the mlc is going to pay me directly well i actually have a publisher somebody else is going to pay the publisher the publisher can pay me but that's fine let's change the example let's say that let's turn the tables around let's say i cover one of your songs so you wrote a song i really like it i'm gonna make the recording and i'm gonna distribute it okay so i distribute it through my distributor spotify apple music streaming services dsps they pay my distributor now my distributor is going to pay me just for the recording recordings over here just for the recording now how do you get your money you wrote the song but i distributed it i released it i recorded it so i own that recording i own the recording because i recorded the song and released it but you still own the song so how do you get your money how do you get your publishing money how to get your mechanical royalties and your performance royalties very simple performance royalties sign up for performing rights organization in the states that saskatchewan bmi or csi and how to get your mechanical royalties the mlc.com sign on up they're going to pay you directly it's free now if you have a publisher you don't got to worry about this your publisher will pay you now if you live anywhere else in the world every country has their own organization so i'm just talking about the organizations in the states right now so if you are anywhere else in the world see what your local organizations are and make sure that they collect both performance royalties and mechanical royalties alright go get it
Thanks Starr your participation is very much appreciated
- Horace Maslowski
About the author
I've studied children's geographies at University of North Georgia in Dahlonega and I am an expert in atmospheric science. I usually feel sick. My previous job was excavating machine operator I held this position for 14 years, I love talking about beekeeping and paragliding. Huge fan of Pete Postlethwaite I practice sailing and collect beer cans.
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